5 November 1944

5 November 1944

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5 November 1944




The Stern Gang assassinate Lord Moyne in Cairo

5 November 1944 - History

At 0500 hours oh 6 November the battalion began firing preparation fires that lasted until C600 hours and during which time 48 rounds were expended. This preparation was fired to reinforce the fires of the 28th Division Artillery. On this morning Cal. MORAWETZ visited the batteries to inspect the condition of personnel and equipment. Daily ammunition runs under the direction of Capt. EUGENE MILLER, Bn 3-4, and S/Sgt Ira T. Swihart, bn Ammunition NCO, were being made back to the rear ASPs. Personnel and vehicles from the firing batteries made up these trains. On 8 November Captain HAGAN, Bn S-2, and Lt. SATRE, Rcn Officer from Btry C, established a forward OP in a house in the north end of the city of Germeter, Germany. This OP was occupied on a 24 hours schedule by observers from the battalion. During the first day of occupance approximately 2500 rounds of enemy artillery landed ip the near vicinity of this installation. This condition prevailed for several weeks. This same day Capt. WILSON, Asst Bn S-3, and Liaison Pilot 1st Lt. DALE R. BRENEMAN, nade an aerial reconnaissance during which they located 6 enemy battery positions, two of which they directed fire upon. On the morning of 10 November Lt. FRANK R. ORADAT, JR, Rcn Officer from Btry A, left the battalion on DS with the l01st Airborne Infantry Division. This detachment was the result of Lt. CRADAT'S volunteering to be a forward observer in a Parachute Regiment of that Division. The next day Vanilla Air Observers fired 2 missions against enemy batteries. Fire was reported as very effective. During the early hours of 12 November, Battery A was subjected to several rounds of counter battery fire. However, this enemy firing did not effect the operations of the battery and no casualties were sustained.

From 5 November through 14 November the battalion fired 514 rounds of counter battery, 406 rounds of destruction, 996 rounds of interdiction and 187 rounds of harrassing fires. The counter battery fires were directed on an estimated 138 guns. This estimate does not include those enemy guns fired upon during night interdictory missions. In the course of the destruction missions 40 enemy tanks, 3 enemy OPs and 2 enemy fortified houses were fired upon. The enemy fortified houses were destroyed, the OPs were neutralized and many of the tanks were rendered immobile. The interdiction fires were placed on 23 towns and 24 major road junctions together with an undetermined number of enemy guns.. Of the harrassing missions, 20 infantry strong points were fired upon with an average of 10 rounds per installation. There were 17 TOT missions fired during this period.

On 15 November Lt. ROBERT M. TAUTGES, was appointed by V Corps Artillery as officer of the guard in charge of security for the Roetgen dam. This dam, located abcut 4000 yards from the front lines, represented a primary objective to the enemy in view of the fact that its destruction would flood a large operational area occupied by our troops. The morning of this day, Vanilla Air OP directed fire upon 4 enemy batteries all of which were effectively neutralized. This same day, in compliance with directive from higher headquarters, 73 men were transferred out of the battalion as overage. Major PERHAM and T/Sgt James M. Gibbs. battalion personnel sargent, accompanied them to the Ground Forces Replacement System at Verviers, Belguim, from which they would eventually be reassigned to combat outfits. In the afternoon Capt. HANCOCK and Capt. THORNTON, from the G-5 section of First Army, visited our CP for the purpose of checking the probable stolen property present in the homes occupied by the battalion CP. Capt. HANCOCK discovered a valuable Van Dyke painting which evidently had been removed from a museum or art gallery by the enemy.

Lt. GARY H. BRONNECK, a former member of the battalion, visited the battalion CP on 19 November. The Lt. is at present a member of the 5th Armored Division. His capacity in his unit is that of an interrogation officer in the G-2 Section. On 22 November Lt. ABBOTT, from the 514th Ordnance Bn, visited the OP and later on in the day made a spot check of the ordnance equipment in the battalion. The next day, 23 November, the battalion celebrated Thanksgiving Day. A Red Cross Clubmobile was in the area on this day and made the rounds of the batteries serving hot coffee and doughnuts to the men. The next day Lt. Col. MORAWETZ made a routine inspection tour of the batteries hnd Lt. Col. BENNETT, CC 120th Engineer Bn, visited the CP for the purpose of discussing with Lt. TAUTGES the regulation of the releasing of water from the Roetgen Dam. Due to heavy rainfall, it had been necessary to release large quantities of water daily from the lake to prevent uncontrolled overflow of the spillway.

The battalion did considerable firing during the period from the 15th to the 25th of the month. In the main it consisted of 1196 rounds of counter battery, 550 rounds of interdiction, 116 rounds of destruction and 312 rounds of harrassing fires.

On 25 November Col MORAWETZ and Lt. TAUTGES left the CP on reconnaissance for positions for Btry C. No satisfactory positions were found.. The next day the Medical Detachment, under the direction of Capt. LOUIS A BREFFEILH, began giving typhoid and typhus innoculations to the men in the unit. This same afternoon a P-47 that developed mechanical trouble returning from a mission of bombing was forced to jettison its bomb load at a point near our air strip to cause no small amount of excitement in the area momentarily. Authority was given the battalion to send men to Paris on 48 hour passes and a few days later out first quota under Lt.. WILIAM G. ROLF departed for that city. On 28 November Capt. WILSON, air observer, and it. BRENEMAN, Liaison Pilot, were attacked to two enemy ME 190s while on a scheduled flight. However, intense AA fire quickly dispersed the enemy craft and no casualties to men or equipment were sustained. Lt. Col. FRANK H. MCFARLAND, a former member of the battalion, was a visitor at the CP on this date. The colonel is now Asst G-5 with the VII Corps. During the last five days of the month the firing consisted of 402 rounds of counter battery, 105 rounds of interdiction, 265 rounds of preparation fires, 68 rounds of destruction and 27 rounds of harrassing fires. During the entire month 7688 rounds were expended.

This Week in AG History -- November 11, 1944

When President Woodrow Wilson declared the United States&rsquo first observation of Armistice Day on Nov. 11, 1919, he envisioned a world that would &ldquowork out in peace a new and juster set of international relations.&rdquo However, history would show that the world was not yet done with international war. Twenty-five years after that first declaration, the Pentecostal Evangel reported on Nov. 11, 1944, that nearly 12,000,000 men had taken up arms and were serving their country in war-time military service. The Assemblies of God provided several ministry avenues to these servicemen but one of the most critical was to &ldquogive our prayers and our wholehearted support to those who are in by far the most strategic position to sustain them &mdash the United States chaplains.&rdquo

As early as 1917, the Assemblies of God began work among servicemen when a motion by Raymond T. Richey, of Houston, Texas, to &ldquoadopt every available means consistent with Scriptural teaching and example to co-operate with every approved agency for revivals among our soldiers&rdquo was approved by the General Council.

However, at the 1941 General Council in Minneapolis, which took as its theme &ldquoOur Place in the Present World Crises,&rdquo the need became apparent that a more complete plan for providing ministry to servicemen was needed. This plan came to include quarterly publications for military personnel, service centers near military bases and the creation of resources for local churches to minister to soldiers. The Assemblies of God also felt the need to provide some of its ministers as U.S. Military Chaplains.

The qualifications for chaplains were very high. In December of 1941, Army Regulation 605-30 stated that an applicant must be &ldquoa male U.S. citizen, between the ages of 23 and 34, regularly ordained and in good standing with an organization which holds an apportionment of chaplain appointments, a graduate of both 4-year college and 3-year theological seminary, and have 3 years of ministerial experience.&rdquo

Many ministers from the Assemblies of God, as well as other denominations, wished to serve their country as chaplains but found the educational requirements prohibitive. Due to the overwhelming need, educational and experiential requirements were at times waived or relaxed until the end of the crises. The first Assemblies of God Chaplain was Clarence P. Smales, who received his commission in June of 1941. During World War II, 34 Assemblies of God ministers left their churches, homes, and families to serve their country in providing spiritual care for military personnel. Of these, two were awarded the Purple Heart and three the Bronze Star.

The Servicemen&rsquos Department of the Assemblies of God (created in 1944) provided these chaplains with needed equipment not provided by other sources, such as public address systems, short wave radios, Bibles, and communion sets.

In the Nov. 11, 1944, article, Hard But Glorious, Assemblies of God Navy Chaplain Joseph Gerhart tells of a seaman needing an immediate removal of an appendix. The operation was set to be carried out on the dining room table, and the roughness of the sea added to the peril. The ship&rsquos doctor had not performed an operation for several years, adding to the young man&rsquos apprehension. The sailor had been attending Chaplain Gerhart&rsquos services but did not come from a church that believed in divine healing. Gerhart reports that he &ldquoprayed that God would heal his body &hellip the boy began to improve immediately and the doctor came in after a while and said that the operation would not be necessary.&rdquo The boy was back on his feet the next day, much relieved at foregoing the surgery.

On this 25 th anniversary of Armistice Day (renamed Veterans Day in 1954) the Evangel editors called their readers to assist these chaplains by use of the most powerful weapon the church has in its arsenal: prayer. &ldquoWe are sure you feel with us the urgent necessity of sparing no effort &mdash for the reward is great! We must not let them down! . PRAY!&rdquo

Read the full article &ldquoHard But Glorious&rdquo on page 9 of the Nov. 11, 1944, issue of the Pentecostal Evangel.

Also featured in this issue:

* "The Apostolic Message, Method and Might," by H. B. Garlock

* "That Blessed Hope," by D. A. Clark

* "A Trophy of God&rsquos Grace," by D. W. Murphy, missionary to North India

Pentecostal Evangel archived editions courtesy of the Flower Pentecostal Heritage Center.

Activity 2. Anglo-American Strategy in Europe, 1942–1944

Using the documents and the map provided below, students will make a list of the objectives that the British and Americans hoped to achieve during their offensive. After they have done this, they should click on the fourteen locations on the interactive map. Based on their examination of these resources, students should be able to discuss broadly the overall Allied strategy for Europe and why it was adopted.

First, direct students to the following documents, either online or (in excerpted form) as handouts printed from pages 10–13 of the PDF. These documents are all available at the web site of the FDR Presidential Library, accessible via the EDSITEment-reviewed resource Digital Classroom:

  • Pages 1–3 of a study of European operations for 1942–1943 (link is to the first page click on "View Next Page" to see pages 2-3)
  • Pages 3–5 of an intelligence report on likely German strategy for 1943 (link is to page 3 click on "View Next Page" to see pages 4-5)
  • Pages 4–5 of a report on the anticipated conduct of the war for 1943–1944 (link is to page 4 click on "View Next Page" to see the following page)

Have the students answer the following questions based on their reading:

  • What was the situation on the Eastern Front in 1942?
  • What are the implications of this situation for Anglo-American strategy in Europe?
  • How did the situation on the Eastern Front change between 1942 and 1943?
  • What did the Allies hope to achieve by the end of 1944?
  • Which was to take priority—a cross-channel invasion or operations in the Mediterranean?

Next ask the students to consult the interactive map, which will demonstrate how the Allied offensive developed.

Depending on the level of the students you might consider having them complete the "Scavenger Hunt" that accompanies the map, and is available on pages 14–15 of the PDF.

Based on their examination of these resources, students should be able to answer the following questions:

  • What was the overall Anglo-American strategy for Europe?
  • Why was this strategy adopted?
  • Which of the strategic goals were met, and which were not?

Arado 196A-5 based on Admiral Scheer November 1944

Post by Arvo L. V. » 26 Jun 2006, 05:31

As I understand the issue, two Arado 196A-5 a/c were based aboard the Admiral Scheer. Between 22 and 24 November 1944, the Admiral Scheer was stationed off of the Sõrve/Sworbe peninsula, on Saaremaa's/ Oesel's western coast, shelling Soviet positions. She had just replaced the Prinz Eugen, which had exhausted its main ammunition, and returned to Gotenhafen.

it is stated that Soviet fighters shot down one of the Admiral Scheer's Arado's.

A.) Is it probable that for this shelling operation, the Admiral Scheer launched her Arado(s) to act as aerial spotters (much like the Prinz Eugen did a while earlier when her three Arado a/c acted as aerial spotters as the Prinz Eugen was shelling Soviet positions in/around Tukkums/Tuckum, Latvia)
B.) What was the Kennzeichen of the Admiral Scheer's Arado, which Soviet fighters shot down? I understand that the T3+BH, Bordfliegergruppe 196, was the Admiral Scheer's second Arado, and this a/c appears to have survived the war.) Are any photographs of this a/c available for review/examination?
C.) What is known about the shoot-down of this particular Arado over Saaremaa island? What Soviet a/c were/was involved?
D.) What were the land-targets of the Admiral Scheer that the Arado(s) were spotting for? (I would assume that the Admiral Scheer was firing on Soviet positions close to the last few defensive trenches the Germans had on the peninsula - those were the primary targets of the Prinz Eugen a few days learlier.)

Thank you kindly in advance for any informations, which can be rendered on my behalf.

Admiral Scheer, Arado Ar 196/A4, Kennzeichen T3+EK

Post by Arvo L. V. » 12 Jul 2006, 04:06

In the Squadron/Signal publication, "German Battleships of World War Two" Warships Number 23 ISBN 0-89747-482-1 2004 in the color plate centerfold section (left-hand color plates), there is a drawing of an Arado Ar 196/A4, carrying Kennzeichen T3+EK next to a drawing of the Admiral Scheer. The publication however shows no photographs of T3+EK.

Do any photographs of Arado Ar 196/A4, Kennzeichen T3+EK, exist? Can this aircraft be positively attributed as a Bordflugzeug of the Admiral Scheer? And most importantly - could T3+EK be the aircraft that was shot down over Saaremaa Island, Estonia, in November of 1944?

Thank you kindly in advance for any assistance efforts re the above.

Post by Steady » 27 Jul 2006, 14:50

Hello Arvo! It seems that Arado T3+EK was destroyed earlier in a flight accident.

"On the afternoon of 19 August Meendsen-Bohlken attempted to penetrate the pack ice north of Uyedinyeniya Island (in 82°E). This he succeeded in doing between two major ice fields, but by evening he decided that the ice would prevent his reaching the Wilkitzky Strait, the ultimate aim and the entrance to the Laptev Sea. Reversing course, Scheer extricated herself and met U251 which she re-stored and provisioned. The U-boat reported that the cruiser's funnel smoke had been visible miles away-which had been remarked upon before during Atlantic raiding. Leaving the U-boat, Admiral Scheer explored the southern edge of the ice field around Uyedinyeniya Island and encountered an unmarked shoal which caused some excitement. (A 4¾ fathom bank is marked on modern charts.) As the ship pressed further east, the invaluable aircraft returned on the evening of 20 August with news of a nine-ship convoy led by a two-funnelled icebreaker (actually Krassin and Lenin). Unfortunately the convoy's position was only generally known and fog prevented Scheer finding it in the end. For four fruitless days, she searched the desolate, icy and poorly charted waters, south-west of the Wilkitzky Strait between Severnay Zemlya and Cape Chelyuskin on Kharitona Laptev land. Her furthest east was about 96°E! Finally, on the morning of 25 August, the faithful Arado ('T3 + EK') crash-landed and became a total loss.

Auschwitz Bombing Controversy: McCloy Informs Pehle that War Department Won’t Bomb Auschwitz

Mr. John W. Pehle, Executive Director
War Refugee Board
Treasury Department Building, Rm. 3414
Washington, D.C.

I refer to your letter of November 8th, in which you forwarded the report of two eye-witnesses on the notorious German concentration and extermination camps of Auschwitz and Birkenau in Upper Silesia.

The Operation Staff of the War Department has given careful consideration to your suggestion that the bombing of these camps be undertaken. In consideration of this proposal the following points were brought out:

a. Positive destruction of these camps would necessitate precision bombing, employing heavy or medium bombardment, or attack by low flying or dive bombing aircraft, preferably the latter.

b. The target is beyond the maximum range of medium bombardment, dive bombers and fighter bombers located in United Kingdom, France or Italy.

c. Use of heavy bombardment from United Kingdom bases would necessitate a hazardous round trip flight unescorted of approximately 2,000 miles over enemy territory.

d. At the present critical stage of the war in Europe, our strategic air forces are engaged in the destruction of industrial target systems vital to the dwindling war potential of the enemy, from which they should not be diverted. The positive solution to this problem is the earliest possible victory over Germany, to which end we should exert our entire means.

e. This case does not at all parallel the Amiens mission because of the location of the concentration and extermination camps and the resulting difficulties encountered in attempting to carry out the proposed bombing.

Based on the above, as well as the most uncertain, if not dangerous effect such a bombing would have on the object to be attained, the War Department has felt that it should not, at least for the present, undertake these operations.

I know that you have been reluctant to press this activity on the War Department. We have been pressed strongly from other quarters, however, and have taken the best military opinion on its feasibility, and we believe the above conclusion is a sound one.


John McCloy
Assistant Secretary of War

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Referat & citat = European contemporary history & policy: * Raoul Wallenberg

SvD: – – – » The Swedish legation in Budapest, had been in contact over Berlin, since the telephone lines are interrupted just now. » (A list of those present and known location, is published:) (*But Raoul Wallenberg is not mentioned here, but neither the secretary Lars Berg, and Yngve Ekmark, consul, the B-section.)
The SvD October,21, 1944 : » The first Swedes arriving from Budapest. »
SvD: » In the legation staying: The minister, envoy Ivan Danielsson, attaché P.J. V. Anger with family, lector Valdemar Langlet, the clerks D. von Mezey, Göte Carlsson, and the typists, Birgit Brulin and Margareta Bauer. »- – –
Ivan DANIELSSON: Pro-German, anti-Soviet, png, twice/Spain 1937/Egypt, 1942.(C. McKay)
Laszlo ALMASY:

« The English patient », implicated in the Abwehr´s Egyptian espionage, 1942, where Craig McKay, mentioned, both Danielsson and Almasy. Arrived 1944 to Budapest, and due to K.Schandl´s triology, Almasy, perhaps met Wallenberg in Budapest. Schandl claims that Almasy, a Hungarian pilot, was « ordered » to collaborate with the German Afrika Corps, 1942,(Axis) and was double agent, MI6 in Turkey, 1943.

He saved some Jews,in Budapest , by hiding them in his apartment, one Hungarian, Olym-pic fencing champion, procuring Swedish passports, and taking them to one of Wallenberg´s safe houses. He lived at Miklos Horthy Ave., no 29., (*today Bela Bartok Ave.) adjacent to the Gellert Hotel. Ten minutes walk from the Swedish legation./* Source : K. Schandl.
Per ANGER: Secretary : the C-bureau/pro-U.S., (* source:Jan Bergman 2014)
Lars BERG: Secretary.
Göte CARLSSON: clerk: Viewed as Anti-soviet, as consul Yngve EKMARK./(SvD 1991)
Lt Col. Harry WESTER : Military attaché, Pro-German, anti-soviet military attaché.
Hermann GROSHEIM-KRISKO: is of course not mentioned here, alias « Henry Thomsen » . The B-section, Fremde Heere Ost/Abwehr /Gehlen, Deutsche Wirtschafts-organisations. (looting) Probably knew, the Gross-Nazis: Otto Braun/ German agent since 1930s in Hungary, and AA/Hermann Neubacher, German officials on the Balkans, but no one has claimed this, obvious possibility.
Margareta BAUER:
Lund university studies, recruited to the C-bureau, by *Gunnar Jarring (source: Jan Berg-man 2014) the wellknown Swedish diplomat, himself even recruited by Helmuth Ternberg, 1940 (Jarring memoirs). Bauer´s father, doctor, prob. from right/conservative circles.

Margareta Bauer knew the man.dir. Tor Olsson in Berlin, in the Barnängens AB , 1939, owned by Harald Nordenson (*right, pro-German industrialist,/guest Raoul´s c-party, 1943). She served there in the Swedish legation, Berlin and Warzaw, and (much) later, postwar, married Tor Olsson.

(The Warzaw legation, August 26, 1939: « – – -Miss Bauer had gone a bit foolish, she seem not of the right stuff. Yesterday I must in the last minut, warding off that she sent the enclair-key, together with the cipher telegram. What a mistake, a disaster, no doubt ! We´re going to contact (in Stockholm/UD) and request Ms Eriksson, instead, when she arrives, we´re going to send Ms Bauer, back home.- – – » / Source : Sven Grafström´s diary: (1989).

(*Carl Petersén/ later head of the military C-bureau, was then military attaché , in Berlin, and made heinous anti-semitic expressions, due to Grafström´s diary.)
Birgit BRULIN:
Her father , Herman Brulin, was pro-German, historian, (KarlXII) grad. archivist ,wrote once in Nordische Aufseher, /Nordische Gesellschaft, and in the Right partys period-ical, « Svensk tidskrift », with Elis Håstad, (who raised the Wallenberg-case /1946 parliament) and former partyleader Gösta Bagge. Ms Brulin married the Hungarian Bela Galantay, (1910-1962) postwar, engineer at the Gamma industry, defence producer.
Valdemar LANGLET: a far right man, since 1918, pro-German.(see my former comments)
» SvD /Other persons are: the estate owner: countess Stella Andrassy (nee´ Kuylen-stierna) mrs Clarisse von Bayer -Krucsay, wife of deceased Swedish generalconsul, von Bayer-Krucsay, his son and wife Sixten and Edit von Bayer. »
Stella ANDRASSY: (nee Kuylenstierna),
Married 1919, a Hungarian count, Emmerich (Imre) Andrassy, military-attaché, in Swe-den, and lived in Hungary, naturalized, in big estates. 1944, they must flee, to the West, to Budapest, Bajza Utca. and then to Austria, and U.S. She published the book: Pustan brinner (1948) about the family´s escape.

(* In a letter to the Aftonbladet,(AB) February 16, 1951, Maj von Dardel and Rudolph Philipp, Yngve Schartau,rejected Stella Andrassy´s claim in her book: Pustan brinner, (publ. 1948), « – that Raoul Wallenberg probably 1945, arrived from Budapest, to Sopron, where he was supposed to meet the Americans/British forces, as the former was his employer. » – – – This was counterproductive, due to the letter,as Sopron was the Hung-arian Arrow Cross government´s headquarter, from December 1944, and that the Wall-enberg-committee, had other better, confirmed information of his fate. « )
Mrs Margit Collinder, former wife of professor Björn Collinder.
Engineer Evald (Henry?) Fogelström,(prob. Elektro-invest/ASEA Yugoslavia/Subotica.) »
Sven Mauritz KARLSSON:
Dir. representing the JUNGNER-industries. Produced defence-materiel for Sweden /Ungern. Binoculars, aerial aiming devices, rangefinders, batteries, (NIFE) in all, some 47 products for the Swedish defence.
(man.dir.) (b.04.) STAB, 1928, Budafok, Hungary 1939, (DZZ-Zagreb), 1941, STAB (M/Magyar altalanos Gyufaipari RT =(MAGIRT), 1944. (first marriage :(1934-49):Mrs Silvia Valvenau: (b.13)

www/ : – – -Silvia Valvenau: « Russische Flieger bombardieren die Donaustadt, deutsche Truppen rücken ein, «um Ungarn vor der herannahenden Sowjetarmee zu schützen». Eine Bombe fliegt in den Obstgarten ihrer Villa. Das Leben wird hässlich. Mit dem schwedischen Gesandten Raoul Wallenberg besucht sie ein paarmal Transportzüge deportierter Juden am Bahnhof: « Wir steckten den armen Menschen Brot, Kekse und Zigaretten durch die Schlitze.» Dann rettet sie sich selber in den Westen. »- – –
Viktor Langhard (Grad. agriculture) (Agronom) with son, repr. Weibulls.
Ragnar Lundmark, businessman
Clemens Heintges: (Prob. machine-engineer)
Eduard Max:son ENGESTRÖM: Estate owner:
Juris dr: Edvard Engeström had been declared bankrupted, in Sweden, July 1931, and was officially requested, then from Stockholm, to contact the lawyer in charge.

(SvD.) But 1945 he returned September 12, to Sweden, telling he had traveled by car through Hungary, and by air from Prague. Engeström was said buzy to wind up his wife Ilona´s estate Moszgo. His two daughter´s Astrid and Ilona (Illy) had then stayed the whole of 1945 in Sweden. Astrid married Etienne (Antal?) Bolza, 1948,and Ilona, (in Stigtomta) married István von Ujfalussy, (grad. agriculture) : in Stockholm, 1947, Enge-ström/Biedermann and Turony, in presence of Graf Felix von Luckner, (married with Engeström´s sister Ingeborg), and a Brazilian legation secretary.(see even McKay. Excerpts…
Mrs Ebba Imre, wife of the professor of ophtamology: professor Imre.
Mrs Elsa Fargo, mr Arne Johansson, mr Hjalmar Edbjörn, (engineer) mr Ernst Elgerus.
Mrs Katarina Hartman, Frida Lustig, Eva Österberg, Hjördis Maria Settergren,
Mr Björn Fenvi, Kjell Fenvi:
New Swedish citizenships:
Ms Margit Benes: (estate owner)
Ms Gisela och Lilly Benkö,
Ms Eva och Alice Eismann,
Mr Bela Galantai
Ms Janka Miklos.
Mrs Elisabeth Sandor, och Mr Ladislaus Else, Peter Alex, Turai.
Engineer,the GAMMA-industries. (Fiance´of Birgit Brulin, postwar married in Sweden.)

This industry, produced defencemateriel in Sweden, in cooperation with the Arenco AB /(Juhasz) AB. The Gamma-industry was since 1930s deep involved in the Swedish def-enceindustry, with advanced aiming devices for anti-aircraft artillery, the Gamma -Juhasz patents. (Perhaps the Bofors AB, then in the Wallenbergsphere.) (Gamma Fein-mechanische & Optische Werke Ungarn/Budapest). Even produced radios, and compasses, theodolites.

(The German Wehrmacht code for the Gamma-products was « k w c »: Every German def-ence producer, had a stamped code, probably not to be identified for intelligence purp-oses. This is not(!) to say that Galantay,was working in some section of defence produc-tion, or any other speculation.
In this list in the Svenska Dagbladet, November 5,1944, Raoul Wallenberg, wasn´t mentioned, (as Berg, Ekmark) but other Swedes of perhaps interests, for the Soviet´s secret service. (*Had Wallenberg been mentioned in public before, 1944 in the Swedish press/ media about his rescuemission ?) The legation´s personal seem pro-German, all over, not unusual in the diplomatic corps, those years.

(*Helene Carlbäck, historian claimed that the Russians viewed the Swedish legation, mainly assisted, not only Jews, but Hungarian, German, Italian, nazis, « Whiterussian » immi-grants, refugees during the fall of 1944, waves coming from Romania, and Hungary, to avoid being caught by the Red army´s offensive./DN (1991)
(November 5, 1944 : The Soviet Union refused to accept Switzerland´s offer to establish diplomatic relations. Did the Swedish Foreign ministry, noticed this and drew perhaps some conclusions ? )
Edvard Engeström, McKay claims dealed in weapons: (1.) Bofors AB. Dir. Sven Mauritz Karlsson represented the: (2.) Swedish Jungner-industries, defence producers and Bela Galantay, engineer in (3.) the Gamma-industries (Budapest/Juhasz bros.) since 1930s (Galantay could have been represented the Gamma, unknown), then in Swedish defence (Arenco) production, since early 1930s. (* George Vogl, a refugee from Czechoslovakia 1939, to Sweden,specialized in optics, for the defence industry, served his life, within the Jungner industries.)

(1945: The communist paper the Norrskensflamman, added a name to the Budapest-Swedes list: Mr Margel, maybe Hungarian, ”accusing the Russians of the general looting of Buda-pest, and even from him, lots of Persian carpets, and two millions of Schweizerfranc, but the paper adds: ” Those persons meeting him as late as two years ago, in Budapest, certify, then he hadn’t ”not a shirt” and no values at all. (Unknown source.)

1944 Pop Culture History, Trivia and Fun Facts

Firsts, Inventions, and Wonders:
The first issue of Human Events Magazine was published in Washington, D.C.

The United Negro College Fund was incorporated.

The New York Times didn’t mention the word ‘pizza until’ 1944, 40 years after the first pizzeria came to New York City.

The original stage version of The Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams premiered in Chicago.

Florence Foster Jenkins gave a recital in Carnegie Hall.

Pop Culture News:
In 1944, Mary Babnik Brown became the first woman to have her hair used in crosshairs for military aircraft bombsights. The hair had to fit strict criteria such as being blonde, over 22 inches long and never been treated with chemicals or hot irons.

Hitler gave orders to destroy Paris on the eve of the allied liberation in 1944 but the Nazi German General Dietrich von Choltitz (in command) deliberately ignored the order. Frenchman Pierre Taittinger probably talked him out of giving the order.

The 1944 Summer Olympics, scheduled for London (together with the February Winter Olympics scheduled for Cortina d’Ampezzo in Italy), were suspended due to WWII.

Baseball Legend Jackie Robinson was once ordered to move to the back of a bus while in uniform. Robinson refused and received a court-martial. An army court found that Robinson was completely within his rights, and fully acquitted the future baseball star.

Big Band composer/musician Glenn Miller went missing in action over the English Channel in 1944 and no trace of him has ever been found.

In 1944, Russia captured an American B-29 bomber. Stalin demanded exact clones be made for the Russian air force. A small hole was found on the left wing of the captured aircraft as a result of a manufacturing mistake. All Russian TU-4 bombers included the unnecessary hole in the left wing. #copycat

The term ‘Gaslighting’ comes from a 1938 play and a 1944 movie called Gas Light.

Hans Asperger published his paper on Asperger syndrome. He later said “It seems that for success in science and art, a dash of autism is essential. The necessary ingredient may be an ability to turn away from the everyday world, to rethink a subject with originality so as to create in new untrodden ways.”

The US and the USSR’s only direct military confrontation happened in October 1944, over the Serbian town of Niš, Serbia. It is considered top secret by both governments, and the exact number of casualties is unknown.

The cause of Celiac (Coeliac) Disease, the intolerance to gluten, was discovered during the Dutch famine of 1944 when wheat was scarce.

A crossword puzzle was printed in The Daily Telegraph with some answers containing D-Day operation “code names”, which sent MI-5 into a panic thinking their invasion plans had been discovered. The code words included: Utah, Neptune, Omaha, Mulberry, and Overlord.

The New York Dodgers, Giants, and Yankees played a “tri-cornered game,” which consisted of all three teams competing against each other and rotating between fielding, batting, and resting.

The Disasters:
Over 100 children died among the 167 deaths in The Hartford Circus Fire, one of the worst fire disasters in the history of the United States.

Cleveland East Ohio Gas Explosion: An above-ground natural gas storage tank began to leak. The gas eventually made its way into the sewers of Cleveland and ignited, blowing manhole covers miles away and shooting flames up through the plumbing of homes. 130 people were killed.

Popular Quotes:
“You know how to whistle, don’t you, Steve? You just put your lips together and blow”
– Lauren Bacall, in To Have and to Have Not

“Only you can prevent forest fires”
– United States Forest Service

Panther ausf. A in Alsace November 1944

Post by vinc62 » 09 Aug 2013, 08:28

Ten years ago, I went in a small town in Alsace called Obenheim, south of Strasbourg. There was a Panther barrel scelled on a little wall, and there was also a board on which it was written that this Panther wa destroyed in Obenheim on the 30 November 1944.

Recently, i've read on the french site http://www.lyceelyautey.org/marocomb/pl . apo_page=1 that there were at least 2 Panthers destroyed in the nearby town of Gerstheim, by the French 2ème Division Blindée in the same period. After some researches, one told me that the unit which the Panthers belonged to was probably the Panzer-Brigade 106 Feldherrnhalle.

Does anyone can confirm this ? Is it possible for someone to post a list of the german units involved in the battles of Obenheim and Gerstheim ?

I try to put photos of these Panthers.

Re: Panther ausf. A in Alsace November 1944

Post by uli » 09 Aug 2013, 18:30

The second Panther at Gerstheim ?

I think PzBrig 106 was the only unit with Panthers in November 1944 near Gerstheim

The unit history of 106 surrvied the war. The book "Die Panzerbrigade 106 FHH - (Feldherrnhalle) Eine Dokumentation über den Einsatz im Westen vom Juli 1944 - Mai 1945" by Friedrich Bruns is sometimes available on amazon for some Euros.

Re: Panther ausf. A in Alsace November 1944

Post by vinc62 » 09 Aug 2013, 20:48

thank you for your infos and for your link. I'm sorry, but I don't speak german, so, is the Bruns' book available in english ?

I see you live in Germany. I've been to this country several times, once in 1994 and frequently between 2001 and 2004. In fact, I've lived in Strasbourg. In 1994 i've visited Aachen, it's a beautiful city. In the 2000's, I liked to walk in the Schwartzwald towards Offenburg, Lahr-im-Schwartzwald. I've been also in Stuttgart, also a beautiful city. The german landscapes that i've seen are very great !

Operation Torch

Operation Torch was the name given to the Allied invasion of French North Africa in November 1942. Operation Torch was the first time the British and Americans had jointly worked on an invasion plan together.

Stalin’s Russia had been pressing the Allies to start a new front against the Germans in the western sector of the war in Europe. In 1942, the British did not feel strong enough to attack Germany via France but the victory at El Alamein in November 1942 was a great stimulus to the Allies to attack the Axis forces in North Africa. Though American military commanders were confident about a successful landing in France, the British got their way when Roosevelt supported Churchill’s request that the Allies prepare for the French North African option.

From North Africa, the plan was to invade Sicily and then on to mainland Italy and move up the so-called “soft underbelly” of Europe. Victory in the region would also do a great deal to clear the Mediterranean Sea of Axis shipping and leave it more free for the Allies to use.

The Allies planned to invade Morocco and Algeria. Both these countries were under the nominal rule of Vichy France. As the Vichy government in France was seen by the Allies to be in collaboration with Nazi Germany, both North African states were considered to be legitimate targets.

There were about 60,000 French troops in Morocco with a small naval fleet based at Casablanca. Rather than fight the French, plans were made to gain the cooperation of the French army. General Eisenhower was given command of Operation Torch and in the planning phase he set up his headquarters in Gibraltar.

An American consul based in Algiers – Robert Daniel Murphy – was tasked with sounding out how cooperative the French army would be. On October 21st 1942, a senior American general, Mark Clark, was sent by submarine to Cherchell to meet with senior French army officers based in French North Africa.

The key to Torch was a successful amphibious landing. Three landing sites were chosen – Casablanca, Oran and Algiers.

The Western Task Force was to land near Casablanca at Safi, Rabat and Mehdia and Major-General George Patton commanded it. 35,000 troops were in this task force.

The Central Task Force was to land at Oran. It was commanded by Major-General Lloyd Fredendall. 18,500 troops were in this task force.

The Eastern Task Force was to land at Algiers and General Ryder commanded it. 20,000 troops were in this task force.

The landings started before daybreak on November 8th. There was no preliminary air or naval bombardment as the Allies hoped that the French based at the three landing zones would not resist the landings. French coastal batteries did fire at transport ships but Allied naval gunfire retaliated. However, French sniper fire proved more difficult to resolve. Carrier-based planes were needed at the landing beaches to deal with the unexpected and unwanted French resistance.

The resistance put up by the French was more an inconvenience as opposed to a major military problem. The key target for Patton was the capture of Casablanca. This he achieved on November 10th when he took the city unopposed, just two days after landing.

One problem faced at Oran was the fact that the beach had not been suitably investigated by those who wished to land 18,500 men on it and a sizeable amount of equipment. The landing crafts found that the water was unusually shallow and damage was caused to some of the landing craft. Such mistakes were learned from and taken into account for the landings at D-Day in June 1944.

At Oran some ships from the French Navy attempted to attack the Allied invasion fleet but were sunk or driven ashore. French troops at Oran finally surrendered on November 9th after their positions were attacked by gunfire from a British battleship.

Operation Torch also saw the first large scale American airborne drop when the US 509th Parachute Regiment captured two airfields near Oran.

The landing at Algiers was aided by an attempted coup within the city by pro-Allied forces. Therefore, the Vichy government in Algiers was more concerned with putting down this coup than with countering the Allies landing on the beaches. By 18.00, the city had surrendered to the Allies.

The landings at all three beaches were highly successful. French resistance had been minimal as were Allied casualties. After consolidating their forces, the Allies moved out into Tunisia. After Montgomery’s success at El Alamein, the Afrika Korps was in retreat. However, the further it moved west from El Alamein, the nearer it got to the recently landed Allied troops.

Though damaged, the Afrika Korps was still a potent fighting force as the Allies found out at Faid Pass and at the Kasserine Pass. However, the might of two advancing Allied armies meant that it was trapped and on May 7th, 1943, the Afrika Korps surrendered. Whether the surrender would have come about so quickly without the success of Operation Torch is open to question.

When did Germans know the war was lost?

Post by CJK1990 » 19 May 2010, 00:38

Re: When did Germans know the war was lost?

Post by Svetlana Karlin » 19 May 2010, 03:40

It seems the doubts started to appear among the Wehrmacht soldiers in winter 1942/43 (Battle of Stalingrad).
By summer of 1944 the skepticism about the chances of Germany winning the war became widespread.

Gunther K. Koschorrek wrote in his book, "Blood Red Snow. The Memoirs of a German Soldier on the Eastern Front":

Wounded in December 1942, the author was put on a hospital train together with several soldiers flown out of the encircled 6th Army at Stalingrad.

"One soldier with a bandage round his head, and who only can see out of one eye, ridicules the latest Army radio report, which plays down the disaster in Stalingrad and refers to the defeat of the Sixth Army in a highly stylised propaganda report about the willingness of the German soldier to make a heroic stand."

Still, the author noted that the few acquaintances back home in Insterbrug, who questioned him about the Eastern Front, did not believe the information about the dampening morale of the German troops there.

The other memoir, "A Mind in Prison" by Bruno Manz, stated that in June 1944 the public was already losing faith in the Nazi leadership:

The author was on a home leave in June 1944. He served in Finland, which was a relatively quiet area compared to the the Eastern front.

"As I was reentering my railcar, I overheard the conversation of two officers. They used an expression I had never heard before, but would hear with increasing frequency in the months ahead, particularly after the war. It was Gröfaz, a sardonic acronym for Grösser Feldherr aller Zeiten (greatest military genius of all times). At the time I did not understand its meaning, much less its ridicule, but I had the uneasy feeling that it was an unflattering nickname for Hitler. After the war I learned that it was used mainly by disillusioned officers and other people, who as far as information was concerned, were more privileged than I was."

In the same chapter the author noted that his civilian father, an eager Nazi, was depressed about the war developments, but still hoped for the situation to reverse itself.

Based on this and other wartime memoirs and personal accounts, it seems that doubts about the war outcome were likely to start developing after the Battle of Stalingrad. When Allies landed in Normandy, the disappointment with Hitler's leadership became common.

Watch the video: De Slag om de Schelde: 5 november 1944


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