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New York IV
(ACR-2: dp. 8,150, 1. 384', b. 64'10", dr. 23'3", s. 21 k., a. 6 8", 12 4", 8 6", 4 1-pdrs., 3 14" tt.)
The fourth New York, an armored cruiser authorized by Congress in 1888, was laid down 19 September 1890 by William Cramp and Sons, Philadelphia; launched 2 December 1891, sponsored by Miss Helen Page, and commissioned at Philadelphia 1 August 1893, Capt. John Philip in command.
Assigned to the South Atlantic Squadron, New York departed New York Harbor 27 December 1893 for Rio de Janeiro, arriving Taipu Beach in Jantiary 1894, she remained there until heading home 23 March, via Nicaragua and the West Indies. Transferred to the North Atlantic Squadron in August, the cruiser returned to West Indian waters for winter cxerciscs and was commended for her aid during a firc that threatened to destroy Port of Spain, Trinidad.
Returning to New York, the cruiser joined the European Squadron in 1895 and steamed to Kiel, where she represented the United States at the opening of the Kiel Canal. Rejoining the North Atlantic Squadron, New York operated off Fort Monroe, Charleston, and New York through 1897.
New York departed Fort Monroe 17 January 1898 for Key West. After the declaration of war in April, New York steamed to Cuba and bombarded the defenses at Matanza.s hefore joining other American ships at San Juan in May seeking the Spanish squadron. Not finding it, they bombarded fortifications at San Juan before withdrawing. New York then became flagship of Admiral Sampson's squadron as the American commander planned the campaign against Santiago, the battle, 3 July, resulted in complete destruction of the Spanish fleet.
The cruiser sailed for New York 14 August to receive a warrior's welcome. For the next year she eruised with various State naval militias to Cuba, Bermuda, Honduras, and Venezuela and conducted summer tactical operations off New England. On 17 October 1899, she departed New York for Central and South Amerinan trouble areas.
New York transferred to the Asiatic Fleet in 1901, sailing via Gibraltar, Port Said, and Singapore to Cavite, where she became flagship of the Asiatic Fleet. She steamed to Yokohama in July for the unveiling of the memorial to the Perry expedition. In October Netu York visited Samar and other Philippine islands as part of the campaign against insurgents. On 13 March 1902, she got underway for Hong Kong and other Chinese ports. In September, she visited Vladivostok, Russia, then stopped at Korea before returning to San Francisco in November. In 1903, New York transferred to the Pacific Squadron and cruised with it to Ampala, Honduras in February to protect American interests during turbulence there. Steaming via Magdalena Bay, the cruiser returned to San Francisco, for a reception for President Roosevelt. In 1904, New York joined squadron cruises off Panama and Peru, then reported to Puget Sound in June where she became flagship of the Pacific Squadron. In September, she enforced the President's neutrality order during the Russo-Japanese war. Ne~u York was at Valparaiso Chile from 21 December 1904 to 4 Jamlary 1905, then sailed to Boston and decommissioned 31 March for modernization.
Recommissioning 15 May 1909, New York departed Boston 25 June for Algiers and Naples where she joined the Armored Cruiser Squadron 10 July and sailed with it for home on the 23d. Onerating out of Atlantic and gulf ports for the next year, she went into fleet reserve, 31 December.
In full commission again 1 April 1910, New York steamed
via Gibraltar, Port Said, and Singapore to join the Asiatic Fleet at Manila 6 August. While stationed in Asintic waters she cruised among the Philippine Islands, and ports in China and Japan. She was renamed Saratoga 16 February 1911
The cruiser spent the next 5 years in the Far East. Steaming to Bremerton, Wash. 6 February 1916, Saratoga went into reduced commission with the Pacific reserve fleet.
As the United States drew closer to participation in World War I, Saratoga commissioned in full 23 April 1917, and joined the Pacific Patrol Force 7 June. In September Saratoga steamed to Mexico to counter enemy activity in the troubled country. At Ensenada, Saratoga intercepted and helped to capture a merchantman transporting 32 German agents and several Americans seeking to avoid the draft law. In November, she transited the Panama Canal joining the Cruiser Force, Atlantic Fleet at Hampton Roads. Here she was renamed Rochester, 1 December 1917.
After escorting a convoy to France, Rochester commenced target and defense instruction of armed guard crews, in Chesapeake Bay. In March 1918, she resumed escorting convoys and continued the duty through the end of the war. On her third trip, with convoy HM-58, a U-boat torpedoed British steamer Atlantian 9 June. Rochester sped to her aid but Atlantian sank within 5 min. Other ships closed in, but the sub was not seen again.
After the Armistice, Rochester served as a transport bringing troops back home. In May l9l9, she served as flagship of the destroyer squadron guarding the transatlantic flight of the Navy's NC seaplanes. In the early l920's she operated along the east coast.
Early in 1923, Rochester got underway for Guantanamo Bay to begin another period of service off the coasts of Central and South America.
In the summer of 1925, Rochester carried General Pershing and other members of his commission to Arica, Chile to arbitrate the Tacna-Arica dispute and remained there for the rest of the year. In September 1926 she helped bring peace to turbulent Nicaragua and from time to time returned there in the late 1920's.
After a quiet 1927, Rochester relieved Tulsa at Corinto, Nicaragua in 1928 as Expeditionary Forces directed efforts against bandits in the area. Disturbances boiled over in Haiti in 1929, and opposition to the government was strong; in as much as American lives were endangered, Rochester transported the 1st Marine Brigade to Port-au-Prince and Cape Haitien. In 1930, Rochester transported the 5 man commission sent to investigate the situation. In March, she returned to the area to embark marines and transported them to the United States. She aided Continental Oil tanker H. W. Bruce, damaged in a collision 24 May.
In 1931, an earthquake rocked Nicaragua. Rochester was the first relief ship to arrive on the scene and ferried refugees from the area. Bandits took advantage of the chaotic conditions and Rochester steamed to the area to counter their activities.
Rochester departed Balboa 25 February 1932 for service in the Pacific Fleet. She arrived Shanghai 27 April, to join the fleet in the Yangtze River in June and remained there until steaming to Cavite, to decommission 29 April 1933. She moored at the Olongapo Shipyard for the next 8 years. Her name was struck from the Navy Register 28 October 1938, and she was scuttled in December 1941 to prevent her capture by the Japanese.
America’s First Multi-Millionaire
After working alongside his father in the family’s dairy business for several years, Astor left Germany at the age of 16 to join his brother in London. For five years, he helped his brother manufacture and sell musical instruments, eventually traveling to the United States in 1784 to serve as the business’ U.S. agent. Just 21, Astor reportedly carried little more with him than a shipment of seven flutes. Once stateside, Astor worked with another older brother, Henry, a successful butcher in New York’s Bowery area, and then briefly worked as a baker. Disillusioned with all of these lines of work, Astor began trading for furs with local Native American tribes, and when a commercial treaty between the United States and Great Britain opened up new markets in the west in the 1790s, Astor sprung into action, establishing himself as the exporter for one of Canada’s premier fur companies𠅊nd by the end of the decade he was worth more than $250,000, nearly $5 million in today’s dollars.
Was Theodore Roosevelt Racist? Controversial NY Statue to Be Removed
A controversial statue of President Theodore Roosevelt will be removed from the entrance of the American Museum of Natural History in New York City.
The monument of Roosevelt on horseback flanked by two men&mdashone Native American and one African&mdashhas presided over the museum's Central Park West entrance since the 1940s, but has long been decried by critics as a symbol of racism and colonialism.
The decision to remove it was proposed by the museum amid a nationwide reckoning on racism sparked by weeks of protests over the death of George Floyd, a Black man, in Minneapolis police custody.
Mayor Bill de Blasio said the city had approved the museum's request on Sunday, adding that it was the "right time to remove this problematic statue."
"The American Museum of Natural History has asked to remove the Theodore Roosevelt statue because it explicitly depicts Black and Indigenous people as subjugated and racially inferior," de Blasio said in a statement to Newsweek.
"The City supports the Museum's request. It is the right decision and the right time to remove this problematic statue."
In a tweet, President Donald Trump expressed his objection to the removal. "Ridiculous, don't do it!" he wrote.
Officials have not yet determined when the statue will come down and where it will go when that happens, according to The New York Times.
Ellen Futter, the museum's president, told the newspaper that it was the statue's "hierarchical" composition and not Roosevelt himself that was being objected to.
"Over the last few weeks, our Museum community has been profoundly moved by the ever-widening movement for racial justice that has emerged after the killing of George Floyd," she said in a statement to Newsweek.
"We have watched as the attention of the world and the country has increasingly turned to statues as powerful and hurtful symbols of systemic racism."
Theodore Roosevelt IV, the late president's great-grandson and a trustee of the museum, said in a statement that he supports the statue's removal because its composition does not reflect Roosevelt's legacy.
"The world does not need statues, relics of another age, that reflect neither the values of the person they intend to honor nor the values of equality and justice," he said.
"The composition of the Equestrian Statue does not reflect Theodore Roosevelt's legacy. It is time to move the statue and move forward."
Futter said the museum will continue to honor Roosevelt, who she described as a "leading conservationist" and whose father was a founding member of the institution, by naming its Hall of Biodiversity for him. It already has a number of spaces named after him, including Theodore Roosevelt Memorial and the Theodore Roosevelt Park outside.
The museum's decision to remove the bronze statue comes almost three years after red liquid representing blood was splashed across the statue's base as part of a protest.
In a statement posted online, a group calling themselves the Monument Removal Brigade called for its removal, saying it embodied "patriarchy, white supremacy and settler-colonialism."
"Now the statue is bleeding," it said. "We did not make it bleed. It is bloody at its very foundation."
Last year, the museum hosted an exhibition called Addressing the Statue that explained the history of the monument as well as contemporary reactions to it.
"We are proud of that work, which helped advance our and the public's understanding of the Statue and its history and promoted dialogue about important issues of race and cultural representation, but in the current moment, it is abundantly clear that this approach is not sufficient," Futter said.
She added: "We recognize that more work is needed to better understand not only the statue, but our own history.
"As we strive to advance our institution's, our City's, and our country's passionate quest for racial justice, we believe that removing the Statue will be a symbol of progress and of our commitment to build and sustain an inclusive and equitable Museum community and broader society."
Roosevelt served as New York's governor before becoming the nation's 26th president after the assassination of William McKinley in 1901.
But critics have long decried his racist opinions and noted that he was an aggressive imperialist who led American expansion into colonies in the Caribbean and the Pacific, including Puerto Rico and Guam, believing colonization was necessary to civilize "backward" nations.
An article about Roosevelt on the Smithsonian website describes him as "a racist" who "thought African Americans to be inferior to white citizens."
His election in 1904 marked one of the first Presidential administrations "openly opposed to civil rights and suffrage for blacks," according to a PBS report.
The report noted that while Roosevelt is remembered for inviting Booker T. Washington, a Black leader, to the White House for dinner, the invitation was not "to improve the situation of blacks, but because they agreed that blacks should not strive for political and social equality."
Debate has raged amid ongoing anti-racism protests across the country about whether monuments to offensive historical figures should be pulled down.
In recent weeks, statues of Confederate leaders and other controversial figures who perpetuated racial injustice, such as Christopher Columbus, have been defaced or toppled by protesters.
Gregory Diaz IV was ‘fangirling’ when he auditioned for ‘In the Heights’
Gregory Diaz IV grew up in The Bronx and Queens, but now he’s singing and dancing “In the Heights.”
The enthusiastic 16-year-old actor is making his big-screen debut in the film adaptation of Lin-Manuel Miranda’s musical, in theaters and on HBO Max Friday. In the movie, about the tightknit Washington Heights neighborhood of upper Manhattan, he plays Sonny, the scrappy cousin of Anthony Ramos’ character, Usnavi, who owns the bodega where Sonny works.
Diaz is a New Yorker through and through. He got his start on Broadway, and his previous biggest credit was the movie “Vampires vs. The Bronx.” So, what is it about the five boroughs that grabs him?
“There is just something about New York that enchants me,” Diaz told The Post. “Maybe it has to do with the fact that I was born and raised here.”
The actor has also spent nearly half of his short life in showbiz. After he saw a performance of “Matilda” on Broadway when he was 10 years old — having never cared that much about musicals before — he instinctively knew he had theater in his veins.
Gregory Diaz IV (center), plays Sonny in “In The Heights,” opposite Anthony Ramos (left) and Leslie Grace (right). Macall Polay
“I saw kids my age onstage dancing and acting and singing,” Diaz said. “It was just an immediate feeling of wanting to do that and believing I could. That was the first goal I set for myself in my career — to be a part of ‘Matilda’ — and thankfully I was able to do it.”
By 11, he was hoofing and speaking in a fake English accent onstage at the Shubert Theatre, and did six months on the national tour. Feeling he should take a break from the boards, Diaz decided to make the leap to movies and TV.
“There aren’t a lot of roles [in the theater for actors] my age,” he said. “But I think once I turn 18, I’m gonna make a comeback.”
“In the Heights” is a terrific start. The high-energy film blends his newfound love of the screen and his old-school flair for song and dance into a blockbuster. But the audition process brought on a sensation the confident, well-spoken Diaz wasn’t used to: nerves.
Gregory Diaz IV (center) got his start in show business at 11 years old, when he joined the cast of “Matilda” on Broadway. Macall Polay
“Walking into a room and seeing people like Jon [M. Chu, the film’s director], Quiara [Alegría Hudes, who wrote the musical’s book and the screenplay], Anthony and Lin,” he said, “I was fangirling on the inside. But on the outside I kept my composure.”
When Diaz left his final callback, where he read scenes with Ramos, the pro shook it off. He tries not to overthink auditions, since rejection is so prevalent for actors. So, the teen headed to the movies and then to a dentist appointment. When he walked out of the office, just three hours after his audition, his pocket buzzed.
The War in Vietnam
Unfortunately, the War on Poverty was expensive–too expensive, especially as the war in Vietnam became the government’s top priority. There was simply not enough money to pay for the War on Poverty and the Vietnam War. Conflict in Southeast Asia had been going on since the 1950s, and President Johnson had inherited a substantial American commitment to anti-communist South Vietnam. Soon after he took office, he escalated that commitment into a full-scale war. In 1964, Congress authorized the president to take 𠇊ll necessary measures” to protect American soldiers and their allies from the communist Viet Cong. Within days, the draft began.
The war dragged on, and it divided the nation. Some young people took to the streets in protest, while others fled to Canada to avoid the draft. Meanwhile, many of their parents and peers formed a “silent majority” in support of the war.
Roosevelt Statue to Be Removed From Museum of Natural History
The equestrian memorial to Theodore Roosevelt has long prompted objections as a symbol of colonialism and racism.
The bronze statue of Theodore Roosevelt, on horseback and flanked by a Native American man and an African man, which has presided over the entrance to the American Museum of Natural History in New York since 1940, is coming down.
The decision, proposed by the museum and agreed to by New York City, which owns the building and property, came after years of objections from activists and at a time when the killing of George Floyd has initiated an urgent nationwide conversation about racism.
For many, the equestrian statue at the museum’s Central Park West entrance has come to symbolize a painful legacy of colonial expansion and racial discrimination.
“Over the last few weeks, our museum community has been profoundly moved by the ever-widening movement for racial justice that has emerged after the killing of George Floyd,” the museum’s president, Ellen V. Futter, said in an interview. “We have watched as the attention of the world and the country has increasingly turned to statues as powerful and hurtful symbols of systemic racism.”
Ms. Futter made clear that the museum’s decision was based on the statue itself — namely its “hierarchical composition”—- and not on Roosevelt, whom the museum continues to honor as “a pioneering conservationist.”
“Simply put,” she added, “the time has come to move it.”
The museum took action amid a heated national debate over the appropriateness of statues or monuments that first focused on Confederate symbols like Robert E. Lee and has now moved on to a wider arc of figures, from Christopher Columbus to Winston Churchill.
Last week alone, a crowd set fire to a statue of George Washington in Portland, Ore., before pulling it to the ground. Gunfire broke out during a protest in Albuquerque to demand the removal of a statue of Juan de Oñate, the despotic conquistador of New Mexico. And New York City Council members demanded that a statue of Thomas Jefferson be removed from City Hall.
In many of those cases, the calls for removal were made by protesters who say the images are too offensive to stand as monuments to American history. The decision about the Roosevelt statue is different, made by a museum that, like others, had previously defended — and preserved — such portraits as relics of their time that however objectionable, could perhaps serve to educate. It was then seconded by the city, which had the final say.
“The American Museum of Natural History has asked to remove the Theodore Roosevelt statue because it explicitly depicts Black and Indigenous people as subjugated and racially inferior,” Mayor Bill de Blasio said in a statement. “The City supports the Museum’s request. It is the right decision and the right time to remove this problematic statue.”
When the monument will be taken down, where it will go and what, if anything, will replace it, remain undetermined, officials said.
A Roosevelt family member released a statement approving the removal.
“The world does not need statues, relics of another age, that reflect neither the values of the person they intend to honor nor the values of equality and justice,” said Theodore Roosevelt IV, age 77, a great-grandson of the 26th president and a museum trustee. “The composition of the Equestrian Statue does not reflect Theodore Roosevelt’s legacy. It is time to move the statue and move forward.”
In a compensatory gesture, the museum is naming its Hall of Biodiversity for Roosevelt “in recognition of his conservation legacy,” Ms. Futter said.
The president’s father, Theodore Roosevelt Sr., was a founding member of the institution its charter was signed in his home. Roosevelt’s childhood excavations were among the museum’s first artifacts. New York’s state legislature in 1920 chose the museum as the site to memorialize the former president. The museum already has several spaces named after Roosevelt, including Theodore Roosevelt Memorial Hall, the Theodore Roosevelt Rotunda and Theodore Roosevelt Park outside.
Critics, though, have pointed to President Roosevelt’s opinions about racial hierarchy, his support of eugenics theories and his pivotal role in the Spanish-American War. Some see Roosevelt as an imperialist who led fighting in the Caribbean that ultimately resulted in American expansion into colonies there and in the Pacific including Puerto Rico, Hawaii, Guam, Cuba and the Philippines.
A nationalist, Roosevelt, in his later years became overtly racist, historians say, endorsing sterilization of the poor and the intellectually disabled.
The statue — created by the American sculptor James Earle Fraser — was one of four memorials in New York that a city commission reconsidered in 2017, ultimately deciding after a split decision to leave the statue in place and to add context.
The museum tried to add that context with an exhibition last year, “Addressing the Statue,” which explored its design and installation, the inclusion of the figures walking beside Roosevelt and Roosevelt’s racism. The museum also examined its own potential complicity, in particular its exhibitions on eugenics in the early 20th century.
“I’m glad to see it go,” said Mabel O. Wilson, a Columbia University professor who served on the city commission to reconsider the statue and was consulted on the exhibition.
“The depiction of the Indigenous and the African trailing behind Roosevelt, who is strong and virile,” she added, “was clearly a narrative of white racial superiority and domination.”
But President Trump was among those who criticized the decision on Twitter where he wrote, “Ridiculous, don’t do it!”
The museum’s exhibition about the statue was partly a response to the defacing of it by protesters, who in 2017 splashed red liquid representing blood over the statue’s base. The protesters, who identified themselves as members of the Monument Removal Brigade, later published a statement on the internet calling for its removal as an emblem of “patriarchy, white supremacy and settler-colonialism.”
“Now the statue is bleeding,” the statement said. “We did not make it bleed. It is bloody at its very foundation.”
The group also said the museum should “rethink its cultural halls regarding the colonial mentality behind them.”
At the time, the museum said complaints should be channeled through Mayor de Blasio’s commission to review city monuments and that the museum was planning to update its exhibits. The institution has since undertaken a renovation of its North West Coast Hall in consultation with Native nations from the North West Coast of Canada and Alaska.
In January, the museum also moved the Northwest Coast Great Canoe from its 77th Street entrance into that hall, to better contextualize it. The museum’s Old New York diorama, which includes a stereotypical depiction of Lenape leaders, now has captions explaining why the display is offensive.
Mayor de Blasio has made a point of rethinking public monuments to honor more women and people of color — an undertaking led largely by his wife, Chirlane McCray, and the She Built NYC commission. But these efforts have also been controversial, given complaints about the transparency of the process and the public figures who have been excluded, namely Mother Cabrini, a patron saint of immigrants who had drawn the most nominations in a survey of New Yorkers.
On Friday, the Mayor announced that Ms. McCray would lead a Racial Justice and Reconciliation Commission whose brief would include reviewing the monuments in the city that were deemed racist.
Though the debates over many of these statues have been marked by rancor, the Natural History Museum seems unconflicted about removing the Roosevelt monument that has greeted its visitors for so long.
“We believe that moving the statue can be a symbol of progress in our commitment to build and sustain an inclusive and equitable society,” Ms. Futter said. “Our view has been evolving. This moment crystallized our thinking and galvanized us to action.”
Two airplanes collide over New York City
On December 16, 1960, two airplanes collide over New York City, killing 134 people on the planes and on the ground. The improbable mid-air collision was the only such accident to have occurred over a major city in the U.S.
It was a snowy morning in New York when a United DC-8 from Chicago was heading for Idlewild Airport (now John F. Kennedy International Airport) in southern Queens. At the same time, a TWA Super Constellation from Dayton, Ohio, was heading to LaGuardia Airport in northern Queens. Due to the weather, the United flight was put into a holding pattern. When the pilot miscalculated the location of the pattern, the plane came directly into the path of the TWA flight.
One hundred twenty-eight people in total were on the two planes. Eleven-year-old passenger Stephen Baltz described the scene: “It looked like a picture out of a fairy book. Then all of a sudden there was an explosion. The plane started to fall and people started to scream. I held on to my seat and then the plane crashed.” Baltz initially survived the crash, but died from his injuries the following afternoon. All of the other people on the planes also died.
The TWA plane fell onto Miller Field, a military airfield on Staten Island. The United flight, missing its right engine and part of a wing, came down in the middle of the Park Slope neighborhood of Brooklyn. It narrowly missed St. Augustine’s Academy and hit an apartment building and the Pillar of Fire Church. Dozens of other buildings caught fire in the resulting explosion. Mrs. Robert Nevin, who was sitting in a top floor apartment when the plane crashed into her building, later said “The roof caved in and I saw the sky.”
Shop designer trends for summer 2021: Polo shirts, shoes and more
If the pandemic taught us anything, it’s the importance of health and wellness.
That’s why 40 Bleecker St. in Noho (where a mystery buyer just scooped up a penthouse for $14.45 million — down from its original $15.5 million ask) has partnered with boutique wellness chain Clean Market for an on-site location, offering residents on-call visits as well as cryofacials and at-home IV therapy.
The 14 drips on tap ($99 to $249) can help with everything from hangovers and jet lag to memory boosts and athletic recovery.
It’s an added bonus for the new owner of the four-bedroom penthouse, which comes with 830-square-feet of outdoor space, a great room anchored by a stone fireplace and views of the Noho skyline.
The 12-story building was designed by architect Ed Rawlings and is the first residential building from famed interior designer Ryan Korban, who has previously created flagship boutiques for Aquazzura, Balenciaga and Alexander Wang, not to mention homes for Wang, Kanye West and Jessica Stam.
Clean Market will perform on-site cryofacials and IV therapy for residents of 40 Bleecker. Clean Market
The penthouse’s design includes a formal entry, an open kitchen, French oak floors made out of recycled wine barrels, and a main bedroom suite with a spa-like, marbled bathroom operating as a shrine to self-care.
The listing brokers were Douglas Elliman’s Fredrik Eklund and John Gomes.
William Backhouse Astor Jr. was born on July 12, 1829, in New York City, New York. He was the middle son of real estate businessman William Backhouse Astor Sr. (1792–1875) and Margaret Rebecca (née Armstrong) Astor (1800–1872). His siblings included elder brother John Jacob Astor III, who married Charlotte Augusta Gibbes [a] Emily Astor, who married Samuel Cutler Ward [b] Laura Eugenia Astor, who married Franklin Hughes Delano [c] Mary Alida Astor, who married John Carey Henry Astor, who married Malvina Dinehart  and Sarah Astor, who died in infancy.
Astor's paternal grandparents were fur-trader John Jacob Astor and Sarah Cox (née Todd) Astor.  His maternal grandparents were U.S. Senator John Armstrong Jr. and Alida (née Livingston) Armstrong of the Livingston family. 
A well-liked man, Astor graduated from Columbia College in 1849.
He supported the abolition of slavery before the American Civil War, and during the war, he personally bore the cost to equip an entire Union Army regiment.
Unlike his business-oriented father, William Jr. did not aggressively pursue an expansion of his inherited fortune. Instead, he preferred life aboard the Ambassadress, at that time the biggest private yacht in the world, or horseback riding at Ferncliff, the large estate he had built on the Hudson River. Astor's horse "Vagrant" won the 1876 running of the Kentucky Derby. 
Florida involvement Edit
William Jr. often spent winters aboard his yacht in Jacksonville, Florida, and he was responsible for the construction of a number of prominent buildings in the city. He and sixteen other businessmen founded the Florida Yacht Club in Jacksonville in 1876, although he was the only person in Florida to actually own a yacht. The club is now the oldest social club in Jacksonville and one of the oldest yacht clubs in the United States. Liking the area, in 1874, he purchased a land tract of around 80,000 acres (320 km 2 ) along the St. Johns River north of Orlando, Florida, in an area now called Lake County, Florida. There he and two partners used 12,000 acres (49 km 2 ) to build an entire town that he named Manhattan but was later changed to Astor in his honor.  
His project, which would come to include several hotels, began with the construction of wharves on the river to accommodate steamboats. These steamboats attracted a steamship agency that could bring in the necessary materials and supplies. Astor enjoyed his development and purchased a railroad that connected the town to the "Great Lakes Region" of Florida. He donated the town's first church and the land for the local non-denominational cemetery, and he also helped build a schoolhouse, both of which are still standing today. In 1875, one of the many nearby lakes was named Lake Schermerhorn after his wife, Lina Schermerhorn. 
The town of Manhattan, Florida, boomed, and Astor, with an eye on the large New York market, expanded his interests to a grapefruit grove, a fruit that at the time was only available on a very limited basis in other parts of the United States. He did not live long enough to see the orchard grow to production. Following his death on April 25, 1892, the property fell to his son Jack. By then though, rapid changes were taking place throughout Florida. New railroads had been built in 1885 through the central and western part of the state, and in the late 1890s, Henry Flagler built a railroad line running down Florida's east coast from Daytona Beach. All this expansion left the town of Astor isolated and it was all but abandoned after train service to Astor was discontinued. 
A new on-line instructional webinar is available which covers a variety of topics associated with the New York State Prescription Monitoring Program Registry (PMP) including the use of the PMP registry search and use of the PMP Data Collection Tool.
Prescribers and pharmacists can earn 1.0 hour of free ACCME or ACPE continuing education for completing this program. The webinar, done in collaboration with the University at Buffalo, can be accessed at PMP Instructional Webinar.
PMP for Practitioners
Effective August 27, 2013, most prescribers are required to consult the PMP registry when writing prescriptions for Schedule II, III, and IV controlled substances. Practitioners may authorize designee(s) to check the registry on their behalf.
Each prescriber and authorized designee(s) must have an individual Health Commerce System (HCS) account to gain access to the PMP.
For assistance in obtaining a HCS account, contact the Commerce Accounts Management Unit at: 1-866-529-1890 Option 2
How to Add an Unlicensed Resident or Medical Intern to the PMP Designee Role and a HCS User to the PMP Designee Reviewer Role at Medical Teaching Facilities
Two new roles are currently available on the Health Commerce System (HCS) under the Hospital (pfi) organization: PMP DESIGNEE and PMP DESIGNEE REVIEWER. The PMP Designee role allows unlicensed residents/interns of a medical teaching facility to access the Prescription Monitoring Program (PMP) Registry on behalf of the institution. The PMP Designee Reviewer role allows employees of the medical teaching facility to monitor the use of the PMP application by unlicensed residents/interns. A HCS coordinator can assign unlicensed resident/interns with a HCS account to the PMP Designee role and hospital employees with a HCS account to the PMP Designee Reviewer role.
Please note: Residents/interns working in multiple facilities need to be assigned to the PMP Designee role by a coordinator from each facility.
PMP for Veterinarians
Veterinarians are specifically exempted from the requirement that the PMP Registry be consulted before prescribing or dispensing a controlled substance for a patient.
Veterinarians and other dispensing practitioners are required to report controlled substance dispensing activity to the NYS DOH Bureau of Narcotic Enforcement (BNE) within 24 hours.
PMP for Pharmacists
Effective August 27, 2013, the PMP Registry is available to NYS licensed pharmacists. Each NYS licensed pharmacist must have an individual Health Commerce System (HCS) account to gain access to the PMP Registry. Pharmacists may apply now for their individual HCS account by accessing the link below.
For assistance in obtaining a HCS account, contact the Commerce Accounts Management Unit at: 1-866-529-1890, option 2