Schuyler, Philip John - History

Schuyler, Philip John - History


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Schuyler, Philip John (1733-1804) General: Born into an old and prominent family, Schuyler received an broad classical education, and began a political career in New York. He served in the French and Indian War, using his skills as an administrator upon which he would call during the Revolutionary War. Because of his military experience and his political influence, largely due to his and his wife's family connections, Congress appointed him a major-general. Schuyler commanded the Northern Department, but was criticized for arrogance by New Englander critics. They also blamed him for the defeat of the 1775 Canada expedition, and wanted to replace him with General Horatio Gates, who succeeded his command after the loss of Ticonderoga in 1777. Schuyler was cleared of responsibility, but his reputation was irrevocable damaged, although he was able to contribute to Benedict Arnold's victory at Valcour Island in 1776, the successful 1777 campaign against Burgoyne, and the financial support of the war. Schuyler retired from military service in 1779, but remained active in the war, as well as politics and Native American affairs. In 1780, Schuyler's daughter married Alexander Hamilton.


Cornelia and Catharine: The Other Schuyler Sisters

If your first introduction to the children of Gen. Philip and Catharine Schuyler is "Hamilton: An American Musical", then you'll be forgiven if you believe that there were only three Schuyler sisters. Angelica Schuyler Church (1756–1814), Elizabeth, or Eliza, Schuyler Hamilton (1757–1854), and Margarita, or Peggy, Schuyler Van Rensselaer (1758–1801) are the three oldest of the Schuyler siblings, the three sisters who were probably closest, and, doubtless for the sake of dramatic clarity, the only three who are mentioned in the play.

In reality, however, Catharine Van Rensselaer Schuyler gave birth to fifteen (!) children in the course of her long marriage to Philip Schuyler. Of these, seven died either at birth or before their first birthdays, including sets of twins and triplets. There were three surviving sons: John Bradstreet Schuyler (1765–1795), Philip Jeremiah Schuyler (1768–1835), and Rensselaer Schuyler (1773–1847) - so you can forget the theatrical Angelica's lament about how her father had no sons, too.

But there were also two more Schuyler sisters. Cornelia Schuyler Morton (1776–1808) was born on the eve of the American Revolution. Cornelia was considered beautiful and witty, much like her oldest sister Angelica. She's shown, above left, in her portrait by Thomas Sully.

Also much like Angelica, Cornelia fell in love with a man that failed to impress Gen. Schuyler. Cornelia first met George Washington Morton, a young Princeton-educated lawyer from a prosperous NJ family, at the home of Eliza and Alexander in 1796. Although Washington did ask Cornelia's father for her hand, he was denied, and curtly shown the door. Soon afterwards, the young couple eloped. Tradition says Cornelia jumped into Washington's arms from her second-floor bedroom window, fleeing with nothing but the clothes on her back. Regardless of this dramatic beginning, the Mortons were happily married, with five children. Unfortunately both parents died young: Cornelia in 1808, and her husband in 1810.

Catharine Schuyler Malcom Cochrane (1781–1857), above right as a teenager, shared the same birthday (February 20) with her oldest sister Angelica, but more than a generation separated them in age. Twenty-five years younger, Catharine, or Caty, was truly the baby of the family, and a particular favorite of her aging father. She often visited with her grown, married sisters Angelica and Eliza, whose own children were Caty's contemporaries. (In I, ELIZA HAMILTON, Caty is the baby born soon after the army's winter encampment in New Jersey where Eliza and Alexander fall in love, and become engaged.)

Caty married twice. Her first husband, Samuel Bayard Malcolm, was from a prominent New York merchant family with Scottish roots, loyal supporters of Alexander Hamilton's Federalist party. After Samuel's death in 1817, Caty married her cousin James Cochran, the son of John Cochran and Gertrude Schuyler Cochran, Philip Schuyler's sister (and who are all mentioned in I, ELIZA HAMILTON, too.) Both Caty and James lived into their late seventies.

The portraits of the sisters, above, courtesy of the Schuyler Mansion, Albany, NY. Many thanks to the Mansion's staff for their assistance with this post.

Read more about Eliza Schuyler, her family, and Alexander Hamilton in my latest historical novel, I, Eliza Hamilton, now available everywhere.


Philip John Schuyler

  • Married 17 September 1755, Claverack, Albany Co., NY, to Catherine Van Rensselaer , born 4 November 1734 - Claverack, Albany Co., NY, deceased 7 March 1803 - Albany, Albany Co., NY aged 68 years old (Parents : Johannes Van Rensselaer 1707-1783 & Angelica Livingston 1698- ) with
    • Angelica Schuyler 1756-1814 Married 21 June 1771, Albany Co., NY, toJohn Barker Church 1748-1818
    • Elizabeth Schuyler 1757-1854 Married 14 December 1780, Albany, Albany Co., NY, toAlexander Hamilton, Maj. Gen. 1756-1804 with

    • John Church Hamilton 1792-1882 Married 20 December 1814, New York, NY, toMaria Eliza Van den Heuvel 1793-1873 with :
    • Catharine Schuyler Van Rensselaer 1784-
    • Stephen Van Rensselaer 1786-
    • Stephen Van Rensselaer 1789-

    Philip Schuyler

    Philip John Schuyler (November 20, 1733November 18, 1804) was a general in the American Revolution and a United States Senator from New York. He is usually known as Philip Schuyler, while his son is usually known as Philip J. Schuyler.

    Philip Schuyler was born in Albany, New York, on November 20, 1733, to John (Johannes) Schuyler, Jr. (1697–1741), third generation of the Dutch family in America, and Cornelia Van Cortlandt (1698–1762).

    Prior to his father’s death on the eve of his eighth birthday, Schuyler attended the public school at Albany. Afterward, he was educated by tutors at the Van Cortlandt family estate at New Rochelle. He joined the British forces in 1755 during the French and Indian War, raised a company, and was commissioned as its Captain by his cousin, Lt. Governor James Delancey. Later in that war, he served as a quartermaster, purchasing supplies and organizing equipment.

    From 1761 to 1762, Schuyler made a trip to England to settle accounts from his work as quartermaster. During this time his home in Albany, later called Schuyler Mansion, was built. His country estate (General Schuyler House) at Saratoga (now Schuylerville, New York) was also begun. After the war he also expanded the Saratoga estate to tens of thousands of acres, adding slaves, tenant farmers, a store, mills for flour, flax, and lumber. His flax mill for the making of linen was the first one in America. He built several schooners on the Hudson River, and named the first Saratoga.

    Schuyler began his political career as a member of the New York Assembly in 1768, and served in that body until 1775. During this time his views came to be more opposed to the colonial government. He was particularly outspoken in matters of trade and currency. He was also made a Colonel in the militia for his support of governor Henry Moore.

    Schuyler was elected to the Continental Congress in 1775, and served until he was appointed a Major General of the Continental Army in June. General Schuyler took command of the Northern Department, and planned the Invasion of Canada (1775). His poor health required him to place Richard Montgomery in command of the invasion.

    As department commanding General, he was active in preparing a defense against the Saratoga Campaign, part of the “Three Pronged Attack” strategy of the British to cut the American Colonies in two by invading and occupying New York State in 1777. In the summer of that year General John Burgoyne marched his British army south from Quebec over the valleys of Lakes Champlain and George. On the way he invested the small Colonial garrison occupying Fort Ticonderoga at the nexus of the two lakes. When General St. Clair surrendered Fort Ticonderoga in July, the Congress replaced Schuyler with General Horatio Gates, who had accused Schuyler of dereliction of duty.

    The British offensive was eventually stopped by Continental Army then under the command of Gates and Benedict Arnold in the Battle of Saratoga. That victory, the first wholesale defeat of a large British force, marked a turning point in the revolution, for it convinced France to enter the war on the American’s side. When Schuyler demanded a court martial to answer Gates’ charges, he was vindicated but resigned from the Army on April 19, 1779. He then served in two more sessions of the Continental Congress in 1779 and 1780.

    Schuyler was an original member of the New York Society of the Cincinnati.

    He was a member of the New York State Senate from 1780 to 1784, and at the same time New York State Surveyor General from 1781 to 1784. Afterwards he returned to the State Senate from 1786 to 1790, where he actively supported the adoption of the United States Constitution.

    In 1789, he was elected a U.S. Senator from New York to the First United States Congress, serving from July 27, 1789, to March 4, 1791. After losing his bid for re-election in 1791, he returned to the State Senate from 1792 to 1797. In 1797, he was elected again to the U.S. Senate and served in the 5th United States Congress from March 4, 1797 until his resignation because of ill health on January 3, 1798.

    In September 1755, he married Catherine Van Rensselaer (1734–1803) at Albany. Philip and Catherine had fifteen children together. Among them are:

    * Angelica, who married British MP John Barker Church.
    * Elizabeth, married Alexander Hamilton who later was the first United States Secretary of the Treasury.
    * Philip Jeremiah Schuyler, who served in the United States House of Representatives.
    * Margarita, who married Stephen Van Rensselaer III 8th Patroon of the name.

    Additionally, Schuyler is related to:

    * Peter Schuyler (cousin), who commanded the Jersey Blues.
    * Hester Schuyler (cousin), who married William Colfax, a veteran of George Washington’s Life Guards and later a general in the New Jersey militia who also commanded the Jersey Blues. (William and Hester were the grandparents of Vice President and Speaker of the House Schuyler Colfax).
    * Arent Schuyler De Peyster (cousin), a noted Loyalist.
    * Mary (Watts) Johnson (second cousin), loyalist and wife of Colonel Sir John Johnson.
    * Dr. John Cochran (brother-in-law), Director General of the Military Hospitals of the Continental Army.

    Schuyler’s country home had been destroyed by General John Burgoyne’s forces in September, 1777. Later that year, he began rebuilding on the same site, now located in southern Schuylerville, New York. This later home is maintained by the National Park Service as part of the Saratoga National Historical Park, and is open to the public.

    Schuyler died at the Schuyler Mansion in Albany on November 18, 1804, and is buried in the Albany Rural Cemetery at Menands, New York.

    * Schuyler County, Illinois and Schuyler County, New York were named in his honor.

    * Fort Schuyler, constructed 1833-56, at the tip of Throggs Neck (a narrow spit of land in the southeastern portion of the borough of the Bronx in New York City) was named in his honor. The fort, built to defend the passage between the East River and Long Island Sound from sea invasion, now houses the Maritime Industry Museum and the State University of New York Maritime College.

    * The Philip Schuyler Achievement Academy in Albany, New York is named in his and his son’s honor.

    * A statue of Schuyler, created by sculptor J. Massey Rhind in 1925 stands on the grounds of Albany’s city hall.


    The Angelica-Alexander-Eliza Love Triangle

    There has been much ink spilled over the alleged romance between Alexander and his sister-in-law Angelica. Many historians have noted mutual flirtatious banter and unearthed letters, such as one from Angelica to her sister Eliza jokingly stating, “If you were as generous as the old Romans, you would lend him to me for a little while.” In fact, the real Angelica had been already married to John Baker Church for a handful of years by the time Alexander and Eliza tied the knot. Known for her intelligence and independence, the eldest Schuyler sister eloped with the English born businessman (who interestingly, had his own duel with Aaron Burr in 1799 – neither man was injured) against the wishes of her father. Notably, Angelica also kept up flirtatious correspondence with one of the Hamilton’s primary antagonists in the show: Thomas Jefferson.


    Schuyler House

    This estate was the country home of General Philip Schuyler both before and after the Battles of Saratoga. The British burned the original house and its outbuildings during their retreat. The present house, erected in 1777 shortly after Burgoyne’s surrender, was the center of Schuyler’s extensive farming and milling operations.

    The house is closed 2020 due to Covid 19

    Philip Schuyler Country Estate

    "My hobby horse has long been a country life I dismounted once with reluctance, and now saddle him again. and hope to canter him on to the end of the journey of life." Major General Philip Schuyler, 6 November 1777

    Philip Schuyler (1733-1804) wrote those words about his love of country life when he took up residence in what he called his “commodious box.” He built it hurriedly in the frosty autumn of November 1777 to replace its predecessor, which was burned by the British only a few weeks before.

    Restored by the National Park Service, Philip Schuyler’s house is a tangible reminder of the village of Saratoga’s founding family—now known as Schuylerville, having been renamed for the Schuyler family in 1831.

    The Man

    As a member of the Continental Congress, an influential New Yorker, and an experienced officer, Schuyler was given the rank of major general on June 19, 1775—making him third in command under George Washington and commander of the Northern Department of the Continental Army. In the summer of 1777, as British forces overwhelmingly swept down the Champlain and Hudson Valleys, Schuyler was blamed for the loss of Fort Ticonderoga and the American Army’s retreat. Despite his shrewd tactics to impede the British advance, Congress replaced Schuyler with General Horatio Gates on August 19, 1777, one month before the Battles of Saratoga. Notwithstanding this personal setback, Schuyler helped the army from his mansion in Albany by forwarding supplies and encouraging reinforcements northward.

    Wearied by many personal attacks and sacrifices, plagued with recurring illness and having no active command since being relieved by Gates, Schuyler resigned from the army in 1779. However, he continued to provide vital support by organizing and financing military campaigns, advising Washington, and continuing to serve in the Continental Congress.

    After the Revolutionary War, Schuyler remained active in business as well as state and national politics, but his real interests took an important turn: with visionary acumen he became one of the staunchest supporters for canal construction. Although he died before his dreams of successful canals came to be, Philip Schuyler is known as a father of United States canals.

    The Estate

    The estate was originally part of the 1684 Saratoga Patent of 168,000 acres granted to seven New Yorkers (Schuylers owned 24,000 acres). Through inheritence and purchase the “farm at Saratoga” eventually came to Philip’s grandfather, Johannes Schuyler. This bustling farm, left in the care of Johannes’s oldest son, was obliterated by a raiding party of Indians and French Canadians in 1745. Almost all of the community’s enslaved and free people (over 100) were captured Johannes’s oldest son and heir to the Schuyler fortune was killed on the spot. Philip Schuyler became the family’s new heir.

    From a second house built in the 1760s, Philip turned the remnants of the ruined farm into a busy farming, milling, and merchandising center, worked by tenants, enslaved people, and artisans (notably Scottish immigrants). With his wheat, flax, and hemp crops, award-winning linen mill, sawmills, herring fishery (transporting fish to sell as far away as Jamaica and Antigua), and general store selling goods and services, Philip’s Saratoga community and personal wealth grew substantially. Just like in 1745 though, the house, mills, and most of the buildings were destroyed on October 10, 1777, but this time by retreating British forces following the Battles of Saratoga.

    The House

    Following the surrender of British forces in Saratoga on October 17, 1777 and departure of tens of thousands of troops from the area, Philip immediately began to plan the rebuilding of his Saratoga house and farm out of its charred remains. Since December’s winter was approaching fast, his new “cheaply and speedily erected” house was completed within the weeks of November. It was built upon the existing foundation of a burned building and used fresh-cut lumber from his upper sawmill. Paying high wages for labor from all over Albany County, and even by using some captive British soldiers (who knew masonry), the plain, unrefined house was finished, but it was much smaller and simpler than the one to which Philip was accustomed. As time went on the house grew in size and comfort, with structural additions and finishing coats added to cover the naked interior and exterior.

    The Continuing Tradition

    Throughout Philip’s life and since, this house has been the destination of many visitors, some of whom were famous citizens. George Washington (godfather of daughter Catherine Schuyler), son-in-law Alexander Hamilton (who married daughter Elizabeth Schuyler), Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and the Marquis de Lafeyette visited this house, to name a few. Now, following in their footsteps, tens of thousands of people from all over the world continue to learn about the general, the visionary, and the man who was Philip Schuyler.


    Catherine Schuyler

    Catharine Van Rensselaer was born in 1734, the only daughter of John Van Rensselaer, who was called Patroon (landholder) of Greenbush, and was noted for his hospitality, and for his kindness toward the tenants of his vast estates. Catherine was the great-great-granddaughter of Killian Van Rensselaer, the original founder of the Dutch colony, named Rensselaerswyck, in the Albany region of eastern New York.

    Philip Schuyler was born in Albany on November 11, 1733, into an old aristocratic Dutch family, one of the colony’s largest landholders. He received an excellent education. After commanding a company of New York militia in the French and Indian War, he managed the large estate left him by his father in the Mohawk and Hudson River valleys.

    Catherine Van Rensselaer was well educated, and grew into a young “lady of great beauty, shape, and gentility.” She was a frequent visitor to the Van Rensselaer homes in Albany and down the valley at New York City, where she was introduced to the sons of New York’s most important families.

    Catherine had known Philip Schuyler for several years before their wedding in September 1755, at the Albany Dutch Church, after which she moved to Albany and into the life of its most prominent native son. Although the marriage was urgent – their first daughter Angelica was born in February, 1756 – they were a devoted couple for the rest of their lives, and had fifteen children. At that time, Philip was an officer in the provincial army.

    This marriage linked two of New York’s great landholding families, already joined by a number of intermarriages. Handsome, popular, and socially well connected, the young couple had little money, although Schuyler had been given a large tract of land in Saratoga by an uncle. The bride and bridegroom made their first home in his mother’s North Pearl Street house, where two of their children were born.

    It is apparent that Catherine’s life was devoted to the care of her children. Little remains in her handwriting to tell her thoughts or give a glimpse of her daily life, but it must have been a busy one. Others have written of her industrious and thrifty supervision of a large and important household, her kindness to the needy, and her courage in times of peril. Eleven children were born to the couple, six girls and five boys, of whom eight lived to reach maturity.

    In 1761, the Schuylers had completed arrangements to build a new home a short distance south of Albany, but Philip had to go to England to settle accounts from his work as quartermaster. While he was gone, Catherine supervised the building operations at what would become known as the Schuyler Mansion.

    The Schuyler Mansion
    This Georgian mansion was built on a bluff overlooking the Hudson River on an eighty-acre tract of land. The house was 63 feet wide by 48 feet deep of rose-red brick, a building material much used in Dutch New York, with double-hip roof enclosed by a wooden railing. The balustrade, the outside shutters, and other exterior trim were white. The grounds included an orchard, a formal garden, and a working farm. A country estate at Saratoga, on land given to them by Philip’s uncle, was also begun.

    By the end of 1762, Catherine’s family included four children, and they had moved from Albany’s busiest location to the mansion on a hill overlooking the city. This would be Catherine Schuyler’s lifelong home. For the next forty years, she would be the grand dame of Albany’s most regal location where dignitaries such as George Washington were frequent visitors.

    Throughout the Schuyler family occupancy from 1762-1804, the mansion was the site of military strategizing, political hobnobbing, elegant social affairs, and an active family life.

    Philip returned from England and expanded their estate at Saratoga, increasing his holdings to tens of thousands of acres, adding slaves, tenant farmers, a store, and mills for flour, flax and lumber. His flax mill, for the making of linen, was the first one in America. If they had been situated in the South, Schuyler’s holdings at Saratoga would have been called a plantation.

    Philip built several schooners on the Hudson River, to carry lumber and foodstuffs down to New York, and named the first Saratoga . An industrial center sprang up on his land a smithy was built wool and flax were grown and manufactured into cloth. The years passed, and the Schuylers grew wealthier.

    At the same time, Philip Schuyler began his political career as a member of the New York Assembly in 1768, and served in that body until 1775. He went to the Second Continental Congress in May 1775 as delegate from New York. In June 1775, shortly after the Revolution began, Congress appointed Philip a major general, one of four who served under George Washington.

    Because Philip’s business, military, and political careers often took him away from his growing family, Catherine and her children were frequent guests at her in-laws’ estate at the Flats. Reaching her fortieth birthday in 1774, she gave birth to three more children before 1781. Despite the stress occasioned by the War for Independence, the Schuylers spent time at both their Albany and Saratoga estates.

    In 1777, General Burgoyne and his British troops attempted to make their way down the Hudson Valley, but met a great deal of resistance from the Americans who were creating road blocks, destroying provisions, and doing anything necessary to make Burgoyne’s trip difficult.

    Catherine Van Rensselaer Schuyler is most famous for her bravery in burning her crops to prevent British troops from acquiring the food resources they could provide. She bravely traveled to their Saratoga estate to burn the wheat fields, and to request that their tenants do the same in order to prevent the British from harvesting them.

    Image: Mrs. Schuyler Firing Her Wheat Fields
    Emanuel Leuzte, Artist

    Philip Schuyler resigned from the army in 1779, then served in two more sessions of the Continental Congress in 1779 and 1780.

    In December of 1780, daughter Elizabeth’s marriage to General Washington’s brilliant young aide, Alexander Hamilton, at Schuyler Mansion gave Philip a son-in-law with whom he was to have a close personal and political relationship throughout the rest of his life. Hamilton lived at the Schuyler Mansion for months at a time, and wrote some of his important papers there.

    Philip was a member of the New York State Senate from 1780 to 1784, and at the same time New York State Surveyor General from 1781 to 1784. He returned to the State Senate from 1786 to 1790, where he actively supported the adoption of the United States Constitution.

    On the evening of July 29, 1788, when word reached Albany that the convention at Poughkeepsie had ratified the new Constitution – in whose creation Philip had played a leading role with his son-in-law, Alexander Hamilton – candles blazed in celebration from every window of the Schuyler home.

    Philip was elected a United States Senator to the First United States Congress, serving from 1789 to 1791. Losing his bid for reelection, he returned to the State Senate from 1792 to 1797. He was elected again to the U.S. Senate and served until his resignation because of health problems on January 3, 1798.

    Catherine Van Rensselaer Schuyler died in March 1803, at age sixty-nine.

    In July 1804, when word of Alexander Hamilton’s death after his duel with Aaron Burr reached the elderly and ailing Philip Schuyler at Albany, it was a hard blow. Elizabeth lived for 50 years after the death of her husband.


    Alexander Hamilton

    Alexander Hamilton was born in Charlestown, Nevis, in the West Indies on January 11, 1757 (or 1755), to James Hamilton, a Scottish merchant of St. Christopher, and Rachel Fawcett. Rachel's father was a Huguenot physician and planter. While very young, she had been married to and divorced from a Danish proprietor on St. Croix. After her divorce, the court prohibited her remarriage. The marriage to James Hamilton was acceptable socially in the West Indies, but not elsewhere. The union resulted in the birth of two sons, but they were living apart less than 10 years later. Rachel and her boys lived on St. Croix, dependent on her relatives. She passed away in 1768. His father survived until 1799 &mdash but the boys were virtually orphans before they were even teenagers.

    At the age of 12, Hamilton began work as a clerk in a general store, but the boy had a keen intellect and ambitious goals. He was an excellent writer, in French as well as English. By 1772, his aunts scrimped and saved to send the young intellectual to New York for formal education.

    An 1859 print of King's College,
    as it appeared in 1756

    In 1773 was entered at King's College (Now Columbia). Even as a young man he had a strong grasp on political issues concerning British and American government, which he exhibited in a series of anonymous pamphlets so discerning, they were attributed to John Jay. He was only 17 at the time.

    Alexander Hamilton (1757-1804) in the Uniform of the New York Artillery
    Alonzo Chappel

    In 1775 he withdrew from his college studies and founded a volunteer military company. On March 14, 1776, Hamilton was commissioned Captain of the New York Provincial Company of Artillery. He exhibited great skill and intelligence in his duties with artillery, and Nathanael Greene noticed. He was asked to serve on the staff of Lord Stirling, which he declined, and continued his career with artillery at Long Island, Harlem Heights, White Plains, and saw action at Trenton and Princeton in the New Jersey campaign.

    Washington recognized Hamilton's leadership abilities, as well as his extraordinary talent for writing. Hamilton was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and made his aide-de-camp on March 1, 1777. Just twenty years old at the time, Hamilton had already made remarkable accomplishments.

    Hamilton spent the winter of 1777-1778 with Washington and the Continental Army at Valley Forge. It was during this winter that Brigadier General Horatio Gates tried unsuccessfully to incriminate Hamilton during the Conway Cabal.

    Portrait of Mrs. Alexander Hamilton
    Ralph Earl, circa 1787
    Painted while Earl was in the
    New York City Jail

    On December 14, 1780, Alexander Hamilton married Elizabeth Schuyler, daughter of Philip Schuyler, a Revolutionary War general, and Catherine Van Rensselaer Schuyler. Both the Schuylers and Rensselaers were very wealthy and prominent New York families. It was a happy marriage that produced eight children.

    On February 16, 1781, Hamilton quarreled with Washington, and their relationship was forever soured. He describes the incident in a letter to his father-in-law dated February 18, 1791:

    . . . Two days ago, the General and I passed each other on the stairs. He told me he wanted to speak to me. I answered that I would wait upon him immediately. I went below, and delivered Mr. Tilghman a letter to be sent to the commissary, containing an order of a pressing and interesting nature.

    Returning to the General, I was stopped on the way by the Marquis de La Fayette, and we conversed together about a minute on a matter of business. He can testify how impatient I was to get back [. . .] I met him [Washington] at the head of the stairs, where, accosting me in an angry tone, "Colonel Hamilton," said he, "you have kept me waiting at the head of the stairs these ten minutes. I must tell you sir, you treat me with disrespect. I replied without petulancy, but with decision: "I am not conscious of it, sir, but since you have thought it necessary to tell me so, we part." "Very Well, sir," said he, "if it be your choice," or something to this effect, and we separated. I sincerely believe my absence, which gave so much umbrage, did not last two minutes.

    Attempts at reconciliation were not successful. Several months later, in July, Hamilton was given command of a battalion of Lafayette's Division in Moses Hazen's Brigade. He led a successful attack at Yorktown, contributing to the final American victory there. He continued in the military for a couple of years when he was made Colonel on September 30, 1783. He left the service by the end of the year.


    Schuyler, Philip John - History

    1 item (May 23, 1790) in Schuyler family papers correspondence in Henry Manning Sage collection, 1697-1830 and William Leland Thompson collection, 1663-1900.


    American Antiquarian Society
    Worcester, MA

    June-August 1777. 1 item. Letterbook of orders from Schuyler relating to the American retreat from the British in northeastern New York, developments in Vermont leading to the Battle of Bennington, and resistance to the British in western New York.


    Boston Public Library
    Boston, MA


    Brown University
    Providence, RI

    1 item (November 1, 1789) in American Manuscripts collection.


    Columbia University
    Rare Book and Manuscript Library
    New York, NY

    Correspondence in Gouverneur Morris papers, 1768-1816, available on 5 microfilm reels.


    Connecticut Historical Society
    Hartford, CT

    63 items (1775-1790) in various collections. Finding aid.


    Cornell University
    Rare Books and Manuscript Collections
    Ithaca, NY

    1 letter (October 15, 1776) to Schuyler in Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume, I, Miscellany, 1745-1856 1 letter (June 29, 1775) from Schuyler in Volume III, Miscellany, 1756-1807 1 letter ((August 23, 1781) to Schuyler and 1 letter (July 12, 1792) from Schuyler in Volume V, Miscellany, 1764-1792 1 letter (July 23, 1780) from Schuyler in Volume IX, Miscellany, 1766-1808 and 1 letter (July 17, 1788) to Schuyler in Volume XII, Miscellany, 1769-1838. Also portraits in Volumes III and IV.


    Historic Hudson Valley Library
    Tarrytown, NY

    Legal papers, bills, correspondence, deeds, leases and genealogy in Schuyler family papers, 1750-1850. 155 items.


    Historical Society of Pennsylvania
    Philadelphia, PA

    1 item (June 1790) in Washington-Biddle correspondence.


    Library of Congress
    Manuscript Division
    Washington, DC

    1775-1804. 2 containers. Available on 1 microfilm reel.

    Correspondence in Alexander Hamilton papers, 1708-1903 George and James Clinton papers, 1776-1791 and Schenectady Committee of Correspondence, Safety, and Protection of NY, part of Peter Force papers--records of the Committee's efforts under General Schuyler, 1777-1778.


    Massachusetts Historical Society
    Boston, MA

    Ca. 50 letters (1775-1797) in various collections.


    Minnesota Historical Society
    St. Paul, MN

    1 item (February 24, 1791) in Allen K. Ford autograph collection.


    Morristown National Historic Park
    Morristown, NJ

    1 item (May 30, 1790) in L.W. Smith collection and 1 item (July 4, 1790) in Park collection.


    Museum of the City of New York
    New York, NY


    New Jersey Historical Society
    Newark, NJ

    In Schuyler family papers, 1724-1809. 29 items. Includes deeds and indentures, articles of agreement, wills, receipts, and title search, pertaining especially to Philip Schuyler and family lands in New Barbadoes Neck, Bergen County, NJ.

    In Edwin A. Ely autograph collection, 1663-1890 William Nelson papers, 1690-1875 and Elias Dayton papers, 1759-1783.


    New-York Historical Society
    New York, NY

    Ca. 350 items (1759-1804) 1 item (January 1791) in King papers a daybook (1764-1770) and portrait.


    New York Public Library
    New York, NY

    6 items (August 10, 1789-January 26, 1791) in John and Philip Schuyler papers correspondence in Jones family papers, 1695-1876 and Frederick A. De Zeng papers, 1781-1849.


    New York State Library
    Manuscripts and Special Collections
    Albany, NY

    Correspondence concerning land transactions, business matters, and the Revolutionary War and government in Schuyler family papers, 1711-1823.

    Correspondence in John Williams papers, 1767-1841 Marinus Willett letterbook, June-September 1781 Willett family papers, 1738-1974 William H. Hill collection, 1755-1800 Alexander Hamilton papers, 1757-1804, on 46 microfilm reels of originals at Library of Congress Harmon Pumpelly Read papers, 1692-1942 and Henry Stevens collection, 1700-1860, on microfilm.


    Pierpont Morgan Library
    New York, NY


    Princeton University
    Seeley G. Mudd Library
    Princeton, NJ

    1 item (no date) in General manuscripts collection.


    Rhode Island Historical Society
    Providence, RI

    3 items (January 27-November 14, 1790) in Shepley Library collection.


    Rosenbach Museum and Library
    Philadelphia, PA

    1776-1784. 7 letters. Concerning Revolutionary War.


    Yale University Libraries
    Manuscripts and Archives
    New Haven, CT

    In Nathaniel Pendleton family papers, 1716-1853 (bulk 1782-1817) and Church family papers, 1716-1865.

    Research Libraries Information Network

    In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, PA Fort Ticonderoga Museum, Ticonderoga, NY Mohawk-Caughnawaga Museum and Tekawitha Shrine, Fonda, NY Rutgers University Libraries, New Brunswick, NJ Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, NY Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, CA and Ticonderoga Historical Society, Ticonderoga, NY.


    Angelica Schuyler’s Portrayal In Hamilton

    This alleged affair between Schuyler and Hamilton, though never completely proven, was infused into the popular Broadway musical Hamilton which follows Hamilton’s colorful story.

    In the show, Angelica Schuyler, played by actress Renee Elise Goldsberry, openly yearns for Hamilton.

    Goldsberry performed a solo in the song “Satisfied” where Schuyler’s character professes her love for Hamilton but admits that his poor fortune kept her from pursuing him further. In addition to her alleged love affair with her brother-in-law, the show also portrayed her as a feminist.

    This depiction of the eldest Schuyler sister as an ardent feminist was refuted by historians who also criticized the musical for whitewashing Hamilton’s problematic views as a politician. Hamilton is set to become a feature film which will debut in July 2020.

    Angelica Schuyler and her family eventually returned to New York where she built herself a mansion. She did not have much correspondence with Jefferson or others during this period but her daughter, Kitty, continued to write to him. Schuyler remained in New York with her family until her death at 58 in 1815.

    A little New York town that her husband purchased in 1800 is named for her: Angelica.

    Next, read about how First Lady Edith Wilson took over her husband’s duties as president of the United States after he suffered a stroke. Then, explore the mysterious disappearance of Aaron Burr’s daughter, Theodosia Burr.


    Watch the video: Philip Schuyler


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